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10 Easy DIY Hydroponic Plans For Beginners

If traditional gardening is too much of a hassle for you, we would like to introduce hydroponic gardening.

This type of farming involves using water instead of soil or land, and the plant system gets all the nutrients, oxygen, and required hydration via the water channel built under the plant.

Similarly, hydroponics allows people to grow plants even in a space-starved location.

If hydroponic gardening sounds like a project fitting the bill, we recommend perusing our ten easy DIY plans for beginners and intermediate gardeners.

#1 Hydroponic Tower

DIY hydroponics tower

Just as the name suggests, a hydroponic tower is a vertical arrangement of plastic or fiber pipe to grow your desired plants.

Materials

  • Thick PVC pipe
  • Heat gun
  • Net cup
  • Bucket
  • Thin PVC pipe

Steps

  1. You need to warm your thick PVC pipe with a heat gun and puncture holes according to your requirements. 
  2. Connect your water pump with the thin pipe, so it acts as the water carrier. Stick the thin tube inside the bucket and cover it with the thick PVC pipe.
  3. Cover the top of your thick pipe with a lid to avoid the introduction of algae in your system. The system works as the water travels up and down while watering the pots during its movement.
  4. Lastly, store your hydroponic tower near a warm place for the ideal growth of the plants.

#2 Mason Jar Hydroponic System

The Mason jar hydroponic system is a straightforward DIY that requires fewer materials and no pump! Growers can reuse your old mason jars for this project and grow tomatoes, lettuce, and much more with ultra ease.

Materials

  • Mason jar
  • Net pot
  • Clay pebbles
  • Black chalk paint

Steps

  1. Start by painting your mason jars black from the outside to avoid algae growth inside the jar.
  2. Place your net pot on the mouth of the jar and fill it with water. Allow the base of your net pot to touch the water.
  3. Fill the bottom of the pot with clay pebbles and add a rock wool seedling on top of the stones. Cover the side of the seedling with more clay pebbles and store it above LED light.
  4. The clay pebbles absorb the water and nutrient solution to keep feeding the plant when needed.

#3 Small NFT Hydroponic Plan

Small NFT hydroponics system

NFT plan is one of the most efficient systems to grow your plants with ultra-speed. The main aim is to allow the roots to touch the flowing nutrient-rich water for perfect growth.

Materials

  • PVC pipes
  • Reservoir for nutrients
  • Connecting pipes
  • Pump
  • End caps
  • Net cup

Steps

  1. For an NFT or Nutrient Film Technique, select a long PVC and drill holes for the pots.
  2. Place this PVC structure at a sloping angle towards the nutrient reservoir.
  3. Attach the pump to singular connecting pipes. Place these pipes adjacent to the holes so each plant can receive ample water + nutrients.
  4. The slope allows the water to flow back into the tank. Attach the net pots on the holes and place end cups on the opposite side of the pipes.

#4 Desktop Hydroponic System

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A desktop hydroponic system is a mini-plan that works efficiently with one plant. You can place it near your desktop on any surface and enjoy your fresh produce.

Materials

  • Tiny bucket
  • Net cup
  • Tube
  • Bubbler
  • LED lights

Steps

  1. Start by cutting a tiny hole on the top of your bucket lid. The spot should be snug to discourage the net cup from falling.
  2. Add nutrient water solution into the bucket and close the lid. Place your net cup and add a tiny seedling.
  3. Pierce a mini hole on the top of your lid. Push your bubbler tube through the small hole, and you are ready to grow herbs or lettuce.
  4. Lastly, opt for an LED light to increase the speed of your plant’s growth.

#5 Soda Bottle Hydroponic System

DIY soda bottle hydroponics

A soda bottle plan is a straightforward and efficient hydroponic system that requires no water pumps or large beds. Additionally, it is cheap to construct, and you do not have to worry about watering this system either.

Materials

  • 2-liter soda bottle
  • A string
  • Drill machine
  • Nutrients and clay pebbles

Steps

  1. Drill a hole at the cap of your bottle and cut it into two parts. The part with the cap should be smaller than the bottom of the bottle.
  2. Fill the bottom with nutrient solution. Weave the string through the cap and let it sit.
  3. Invert the small part on top of the bottom so that half the string touches the water while the other half stays in the top position.
  4. Add nutrient mix, pebbles, and your seed on the top part and let it stay in a warm room. You will notice germination in the plant roots within a few days without advanced engineering later.

#6 Crystal Hydroponics

Crystal hydroponics uses gel crystal beads to act as a water medium for the efficient growth of plants. However, remember that this plan is ideal for small-scale use only.

Materials

  • A packet of bio gel crystals
  • A container or big vase

Steps

  1. Purchase the gel crystals and put them in the water for a few hours. These crystals will soon absorb all the water and grow twice their size.
  2. Take a container of your choice and place your plant in the middle. Add more gel crystals to cover the space.
  3. Your plant will start growing without the need to water now and then. We highly recommend this method for decorating spaces with plants.

#7 Zig-Zag Hydroponic System

DIY zig-zag system

This zig-zag hydroponic system uses the same principles of NFT but has a different structure to accommodate even more plants for a flourishing garden.

Materials

  • 4 PVC pipes
  • 8 PVC 90° end caps
  • 1 PVC flat cap
  • Net cups
  • Two pallets
  • Nutrient water tank
  • Dremel

Steps

  1. Start by cutting your PVC pipes with holes to accommodate the net cups. Place two palettes parallel to each other. This pallet structure will hold our zig-zag pipes from the sides.
  2. Attach end caps to all the pipes, so they look zig-zag. Secure your pipe structure in such a way that the water goes down in the nutrient water tank after each run. To do this, place your system at a slight slant and add an extra height at one end.
  3. Connect your water pump with pipes and join everything to the heightened top. You can even drill holes for each net pot and take mini tubes to add extra water flow.
  4. Check the system by running the water. The water should ideally run and collect back in the water tank.

#8 The Drip Hydroponic System

The drip hydroponic system resembles a standard watering method without soil or manual hydration.

Materials

  • Nutrient reservoir
  • Drip system
  • Water pump
  • Clay pellets
  • Small containers

Steps

  1. Take small containers and drill holes at the bottom for water to pass. Fill the containers with clay pellets and keep them aside.
  2. Place these small containers on top of your water reservoir tub. Attach your water pump to the drip system.
  3. Connect the drip system to the small containers to complete the hydroponic system. Ideally, the system should pump the nutrient water from the bucket to the plant containers, and the water can then trickle down through the clay pellets into the reservoir.

#9 Vertical Window Farm

Vertical Soda bottles

This DIY hydroponic system

m is excellent for people who have large windows. You can complete the project within an hour and reap the benefits of fresh lettuce for your salads for weeks.

Materials

  • Soda bottles
  • Drip tubing
  • Nutrient reservoir
  • Pump
  • Chains
  • Clay pellets

Steps

  1. The first step is to get your soda bottles ready. Start by cutting the bottles in half and setting the top part upside down.
  2. Add your clay pellets and plant in the bottle and drill a tiny hole on the cap of each bottle. Insert small tubing into the lid and let the other end free.
  3. Attach all the bottles vertically with each tubing’s free end directly pointing towards the plant below.
  4. Connect your water pump with another drip tubing and place it directly above the bottle at the top.
  5. Fill the nutrient reservoir with water and watch the pump draw the water from the bucket to the top plant bottle. Once the topmost bottle gets all the water, it drips down to the plants below via the end cap tubings, thus creating a neat hydroponic system that doesn’t require constant watering.

#10 The Ebb And Flow Hydroponic System

The ebb and hydroponic flow system is extremely easy to use and requires minimal materials. This hydroponic plan is excellent for newbie gardeners who wish to learn about soil-less gardening.

Materials

  • Water reservoir
  • Plastic tub
  • Drill machine
  • Water pump
  • Clay pebbles
  • Plant samplings in net cups
  • Ebb and flow kit

Steps

  1. Start drilling the plastic tub according to the size of the ebb and flow kit pipes.
  2. Attach the kit to the plastic tub and fill the entire tub with clay pebbles. We recommend running the rocks under the water for 10-15 minutes to remove any dirt or excess mud.
  3. Fill your reservoir with nutrients and attach a water pump to your ebb and flow kit. Since the flow kit is already linked to the plastic tub, it will stay nicely on top of the water reservoir.
  4. Once you start the motor, the water will wet the clay pebbles while the excess will get drained back into the reservoir.
  5. Place your net cups into the clay pebbles. A big tub can easily hold 5 6 plants with ample space for each one to grow without any space constraints.

Hydroponic Plans FAQs

What are the disadvantages of hydroponics?

hydroponics disadvantages

While hydroponics are particularly easy to build and maintain, they do have a few drawbacks that one should consider before making a hydroponic system of their own.

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The biggest drawback is the constant electricity requirement, and you need to have a reliable electricity supply to keep the system running. Your crops can suffer badly because of a frequent power outage.

People feel that aquaponics is a 100% organic growing method, but the introduction of synthetic nutrients doesn’t qualify your product as 100% organic. Since there aren’t many ready-made systems available, creating one from scratch can be a steep expense.

Similarly, you need to know about hydroponics and construction to make a perfectly reliable system.

Which plants are most profitable in hydroponics?

The most profitable plants to grow in a hydroponics system are leafy green, herbs, and lettuces.

Growing lettuce can be highly lucrative, given the proper use of hydroponic systems with large beds. Some other plants, including strawberries, tomatoes, bell pepper, and beans, are ideal for growing via any plan.

You can grow any plant except for tuber crops like potatoes. However, hydroponics is an excellent system to germinate such crops with speed.

How do you plan a hydroponic system?

How do you plan a hydroponic system?

Creating a hydroponic system can be an easy task but deciding where to start takes time. We recommend pursuing the following points to help plan your strategy with ease.

  1. Your first step is to decide the type of crops you wish to grow. Make a list of suitable crops for your needs, geographic location, and environment.
  2. Now that you have decided what to grow, it’s time to choose where to plant. Since most hydroponic systems require considerable space, you need to select a place accordingly.
  3. Plan for the budget of the entire system and decide on a number that feels accurate to you. According to your budget, select a hydroponic plan that works for the crop your wish to grow. You can refer to our plan list, which includes an exciting range of system options.
  4. Lighting is another essential part of your planning. You will require additional lighting if you decide to grow indoors. Similarly, ensure that the outdoors isn’t too dark and cold either.
  5. The final step involves testing the water quality, selecting nutrient mix, and buying all the required materials like a pump, tubing, containers, net cups, etc.

Is it cheaper to grow hydroponically?

From a technical point of view, hydroponic gardening is comparatively cheaper than traditional farming.

You might have to invest in the initial cost of setting up the system, but once the setup is up and running, you do not need to shell out any money or labor expense. Additionally, since the method gives better production yields, you will soon see a profit.

Conclusion

We hope our ten simple and easy DIY hydroponic plans encouraged you to start this journey of soil-less farming.

With these ingenious methods, anyone can quickly build a fully functional system. Lastly, consider vertical gardening if you have a small space, as it is an equally efficient hydroponic plant that takes up less space.

Happy gardening!

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